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Obstructive sleep apnoea(OSA) is the most common type of apnoea.
An OSA episode occurs when the tongue relaxes and narrows or even closes the airway during sleep,causing a pause in breathing.When the brain detects a lack of oxygen in the blood,it sends you body a signal to wake up enough to breath.This is usually witnessed as a gasp or a snort.OSA episodes are often cyclic and can occur hundreds of times a night,and can last from several seconds to longer than a minute.
Dentists trained in dental sleep medicine play an important role by offering custom oral appliances for the treatment of OSA.
Treatment options include-
Oral appliances
Lifestyle changes
The first line of treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea is usually continuous positive airway pressure(CPAP),but many individuals are unable to tolerate wearing the CPAP mask.
An oral appliance similar to a retainer may be used to place the lower jaw in a forward position.
Anti-snoring devices gently positions the lower jaw into a forward position.They have an excellent fit and are very comfortable since they have a soft inner layer. With your lower jaw slightly forward, the airway stays open and prevents soft tissue vibrations which cause snoring without inhibiting breathing.These have also been proven effective in cases of Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea involves correction of obstruction at multiple different areas of the throat,tongue and neck
Nasal obstruction-While trouble breathing from your nose will not worsen OSA,it may affect the quality of your sleep
Lifestyle changes-
weight loss
quit smoking
decreasing alcohol consumption
sleeping on your side